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6 Common Problems Occurring In Adolescence

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6 Common Problems Occurring In Adolescence

The youth phase is a very important period of individual development. Harold Alberty suggests that adolescence is a period in the development that a person extends from the end of childhood to the beginning of adulthood. Conger argues that adolescence is a very critical time that can probably be the best of time and the worst of time.

We find various definitions of experts about adolescence:
  • Freud interpreted adolescence as a time seeking a sexual life that had a definitive form. 
  • Charlotte Buhler interprets adolescence as a time of fill and filled need. 
  • Spranger provides the interpretation of adolescence as a period of growth with fundamental changes in psychiatric structures.
  • Hofmann interprets adolescence as a time of forming attitudes toward all things individuals experience.
  • G. Stanley Hall interprets adolescence as a time of Storm and Drang (Storm and Typhoon).
Experts generally agree that the range of adolescence lasts from ages 11-13 years to 18-20th. In this period, there are several indicators of significant differences, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Therefore, experts classify this adolescence into two parts: (1) Early adolescence (11-13rd to 14-15th), and (2) late adolescents (14-16th to 18-20 years).

Adolescence is characterized by a variety of changes, both physically and psychically, which may cause problems for the youth. And then if it is not accompanied by an appropriate self-understanding and self-instruction effort, it can even lead to various acts of juvenile and criminal mischief.

Problems that may arise in adolescence include:

1. Problems related to the emotional life

There are changes both physically and hormonal affecting the life of adolescent emotions. The emotional life in teenagers tends to be unstable so that the emotional reactions are shown often change. Generally, the emotional reaction that is often shown is angry, sensitive, irritable, often arising feeling sad, and quick despair.

2. School-related issues

Achievement in schools tends to be a major concern for teenagers because it is related to self-esteem and environmental recognition. In addition to achievements, the satisfaction of interacting with teachers and friends in schools has contributed to how teenagers behave in schools. Some of the problems related to school include being fothering, underachiever, rejecting school, disturbing in the classroom, fear of confronting exams, obscurity facing the future, and expelled from school.

6 Common Problems Occurring In Adolescence

3. Problems related to physical and motor development

In adolescence, it is characterized by rapid physical growth. The physical situation in adolescence is seen as an important thing, but when the physical state is not following the expectation (mismatch between body image with self-picture) can create a sense of dissatisfaction and lack of confidence. Likewise, disproportionate physical development. The maturity of reproductive organs in adolescence requires a restoration effort and if not guided by norms can be suggestive of sexual behavior irregularities.

4. Problems related to cognitive development and language

In early adolescence was characterized by the rapid development of intellectual abilities. However, when a teenager does not have the opportunity to develop intellectual abilities, especially through education in schools, it may not be as optimal as its intellectual potential. So too is adolescence, especially early teens is the best time to get to know and learn foreign languages. But due to limited opportunities and facilities and pre-means, it causes the youth to struggle to master a foreign language. It is undeniable, in today's globalization era, the mastery of foreign languages is important to support one's life and career success. But with the obstacles in the development of foreign language disabilities will certainly affect the success of life and career. The undoing of cognitive and language development can also affect the emotional, social and other aspects of behavior and personality.

5. Problems relating to the development of social, morality and religious behavior

Adolescence is called as a period of social hunger, which is characterized by the desire to associate and be accepted in the group of Peers. The rejection of a peer group can cause frustration and make him isolated and feel inferior. But instead, if the youth can be accepted by his peers and even become an idol surely he will feel proud and have honors in him. Problem adolescents ' Social behavior does not only occur with their peers but can also occur with other parents and adults, including teachers at school.

This is due to adolescence, in particular, early adolescents will be characterized by an ambivalent desire, on the one hand, the desire to release dependence and be able to determine his own choice, but on the other hand, he still needs parents, especially economically. In line with the growth of reproductive organs, social relations developed in adolescence are characterized by the desire to establish special relations with other types and if not guided can lead to actions of social behavior deviations and sexual behavior. As adolescence is also characterized by the desire to experiment and to test the establishment of the existing norm, if not guided, it may develop into a conflict of value within itself and with the environment.

6. Problems related to personality development, and emotional

Adolescence is also called time to find self-identity. Identity search efforts are also done by demonstrating attempted behavior, imitation behavior or identification. When a teenager fails to find his or her identity, he will experience an identity crisis or identity confusion, so it may be a personality system that does not depict the actual state of being. Uncontrollable emotional reactions and expressions in adolescence can have an impact on their personal and social life. He becomes often depressed and gloomy or rather he becomes a person who behaves aggressively. Quarrels and fights often occur as a result of their emotional instability.

In addition to those described above, there are still many other problems with youth. The onset of adolescent problems is influenced by various factors, both internal and external. So that the youth can avoid various difficulties and problems may be needed from all parties.

Hopefully this article will useful to you. Let's read more article in this blog.

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