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Common Health Problems In Adolescents

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Common Health Problems In Adolescents

Youth is one of the phases we pass through in the life cycle we have to live. Adolescence is the transition period from the age of children to adulthood. In English the term teenager is a teenager, meaning it is a dozen years old man.

The limits of adolescents according to the WHO (World Health Organization) are ages 12 to 24. Teenagers have left the world of children but can not yet be called adults. During this period, rapid growth, the emergence of secondary genitals, such as the growth of feathers around the genitals, the armpits, on the guys grew mustache, whiskers, beard and chest, enlarged sound, in the breasts women and hips that enlarge.

The development of sexual organs occurs for preparation to produce offspring. During this time there are also psychic or mental-emotional changes. Teenagers want to be more self-reliant and reduce dependence on others. Mentally the youth are still lability and wavering.

Adolescence is often regarded as a self-seeking period. At this time there is a character formation of a person including the character of the nation in general. Teenagers are often thought to be healthy. However, there are many problems related to health, especially those that threaten teenagers.

Some facts about teenagers as follows:

  • More than 1.8 million people aged 15 to 24 die each year by the actual causes that can be prevented.
  • About 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 give birth every year.
  • Young people, 15 to 24 years old, accounted for 40% of all new HIV infections among adults in the year 2008.
  • Every year, about 20% of teenagers will experience mental health problems, which are most often depression or anxiety.
  • About 150 million young people are tobacco users.
  • About 565 young people aged 10-29 die every day through interpersonal violence.
  • Traffic accidents are estimated to cause 1 000 young people to die every day.
Promoting the behavior of a clean and healthy life as well as protecting teenagers from health problems is very important to their future and the future of the country and nation because they will later to further the continuation of this nation.

Limited information about se* from parents and lack of se* education in school bench causes adolescents to search for their information through magazines, television and internet media. Most of that information is received raw without anyone filtering whether it is good information or even negative information.

Incorrect information will lead to various unwanted impacts and may result in various diseases. Often occurs in the community some problems about adolescents include unwanted pregnancy and abortion, abuse of drugs, free se* behavior, juvenile delinquency and frequent occurrences of se*ually transmitted diseases among adolescents.

In line with its rapid physical development, there are hormonal changes in the body along with some health problems. Some of the health problems often encountered by adolescents include:

1. Acne And Other Skin Diseases

Acne or that in the medical term called Acne vulgaris is a skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the oil glands, characterized by the emergence of blackheads, small bumps with varying sizes and sometimes accompanied by the formation of scarring. Adolescents also often suffer from other skin diseases such as scabies, eczema/dermatitis.

2. Eye Disorders

In adolescents, there is a vision abnormality in the form of long-sightedness, near or astigmatism. These abnormalities are caused by reduced eye ability for accommodation

3. Accident

Accidents are usually an incident often experienced by teenagers especially as a result of behavior or juvenile delinquency that often racing in the road, brawl and dashing. Accidents are a leading cause of death and disability among adolescents. Trauma injuries on the road take teens about 1 person 000 every day.

4. Malnutrition


Common Health Problems In Adolescents

Many teenagers in developing countries are in a nutritional deficiency category, with risks prone to illness and premature death. Conversely, excess weight and obesity are increasing.

5. Mental Health

About 20% of teenagers will experience mental health problems, which are most often depression or anxiety. The risk is increased by the experience of violence, the devaluation of humiliation and poverty, and suicide is one of the leading causes of death in young people. Building life skills on children and adolescents, and providing them with psychosocial support in schools and other community settings can help improve mental health.

6. Violence

Violence is one of the leading causes of death among young people, especially men: 565 are thought to be young men aged 10 to 29 years die daily through interpersonal violence. Cultivating relationships between parents and children from the beginning of life is paramount to preventing violent behavior in teenagers.

That is an article about Common Health Problems In Adolescents. Hopefully this article will give some benefits to you.

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