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Poor Nutritional Problems In Adolescents

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Poor Nutritional Problems In Adolescents

Nutritional problems, that is less nutrition and more nutrients, will increase the vulnerability to the disease, especially the risk of occurrence of uncontagious diseases. If this problem continues until adulthood and married will risk affecting the health of the fetus it contains.

For example mother anemia and or less chronic energy is at risk of giving birth to babies low birth weight, stunting, complications during childbirth, suffering from untransmitted diseases such as diabetes and heart disease in the later days.

Good nutrition becomes the foundation of each individual reaching the maximum potential owned.

Unfortunately, the majority of countries in the world face three major nutritional problems, namely stunting, wasting and obesity, as well as the deficiency of micro nutrients such as anemia. Basedd on Data in year of 2018 showed that 25.7% of teenagers aged 13-15 years and 26.9% teenagers aged 16-18 years with short nutritional status and very short.

In addition, there are 8.7% of teenagers aged 13-15 years and 8.1% of teenagers aged 16-18 years with skinny and very thin conditions. While the prevalence of more weight and obesity is 16.0% in adolescents aged 13-15 years and 13.5% in adolescents aged 16-18 years.

Most teenagers use their free time for inactive activities, one-third of teenagers eating factory-made snacks or processed foods, while the other third routinely consumes wet cakes, wet breads, fried foods, and crackers.

Lifestyle changes also occur with the growing of teenagers on Internet access, so teenagers are more self-reliant. Options made are often less precise so that indirectly causes nutritional problems.

Improved nutrition in adolescents through specific nutritional interventions such as nutritional education, fortification and supplementation as well as the treatment of infectious diseases is necessary. The goal is to improve the nutritional status of teenagers, break the chain of inter-generational nutritional problems, uncontagious disease problems and poverty.

Healthy adolescents are not only seen from physical but also cognitive, psychological and social. Adolescence is a second windows of opportunity that is very sensitive in determining the quality of life when becoming an adult individual and also in generating the next generation.

Teenage lifestyles today tend to be alarming. Not least of those who choose to consume instant food or junk food.

Poor Nutritional Problems In Adolescents

Junk food is chosen because it is rated more practical than having to make your own food. However, consuming excessive junk food is not good for the health of the body. The worse if not balanced with the correct diet, can lead to lack of nutrients.

Therefore, adolescents need to be educated about the fulfillment of balanced nutrients, as well as ways to plan food investments for the present and future, in order to maintain the health of the body not to be affected by the disease.

Nutritional problems in Indonesia are still many. Malnutrition, lack of nutrition, or even stunting occurs due to deficiency, calorie deficiency, and protein.

Poor nutrition and nutrition is less related to weight, appropriate or not with age. While stunting is related to the height of the body. Foods that lack their nutrients will affect growth.

"Reduce eating snacks or junk food, because it will result in satiety continue and ruin the meal schedule. Therefore, to improve nutrition then have to fix the meal schedule and pay attention to the nutrient content of the food consumed ", said Dr. Juwalita.

Doctor Juwalita also added, if you want a diet should properly pay attention to the dietary pattern. Don't get hit by the ulcer because it avoids carbohydrates and does not eat breakfast, lunch, or dinner. For those who are on a diet, can still eat but should pay attention to the food intake and eating patterns are correct.

Need for mature calculations for food investment for future health. The food and drinks we consume today are of course the current cost, the cost we have to pay for now. In addition, there is a future cost, which is the cost to be planned for the future.

"To avoid spending money for those who are not very important, can be heard with shopping smarter, prioritizing needs first than desire," said financial planner, Erlina Juwita.

Current cost and future cost is very important, to overcome the lack of nutrients. Not only children, teenagers should also pay attention to their nutritional needs by preparing daily diet. Need a mature calculation to plan health in the future.

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